However, they help us in the fight against pests, they are powerful producers of antibiotics and plant pollinators.
For those who are wondering what the purpose of the wasp is, there is now a comprehensive answer. According to the latest research, predators of insect pests are useful, they produce antibiotics, they successfully pollinate plants …The benefits of these insects were revealed in the first major scientific review of ecosystem services, which focused on 33,000 known species of wasps, which live in all parts of the world.
Wasp venom that can be released during a sting is also being investigated as a substance that can help make anti-cancer drugs.
Many insect populations are disappearing, but wasps seem to be more resistant than most relatives, so they manage to adapt to different living conditions and survive.Although they seem to be avoided even among entomologists in research, scientists believe that much more research is needed to understand them.
However, people are not aware of how much they do not know about wasps, “said Professor Sirian Sumner from University College London.Wasps are actually the ancestors of bees, so bees are wasps that have forgotten how to hunt, scientists explain pictorially.
“Wasps in people’s eyes could be just as valuable as other beloved insects like bees, only if we gave them a better chance,” added Dr. Sumner.
Protection of sugar cane and corn
The study, published in the journal Biological Reviews, analyzed 500 scientific reports of wasp stings. 100,000 species of wasps are known and have been studied quite well. Those that hunt are already used in agriculture to control pests without the use of insecticides.
Wasps are the main predators of the insect world. Recent research has revealed that common wasps can control the type of worm that attacks Brazilian corn crops and the sugar cane moth.
It is estimated that the business of applying predatory insects for crop protection will be worth more than 400 billion dollars a year, but wasps are hardly considered in those estimates, scientists have discovered.About 1,000 species of wasps that hunt are social and since they live in a community, they are great for that ecological business.
“On the other hand, wasps that live alone have a venom that contains an incredible cocktail that paralyzes prey, and it also contains a lot of antibiotics,” explained Professor Sumner.
“Many wasps bury their eggs with paralyzed prey to provide food after they hatch. So they want to make sure the food is properly canned. The antimicrobial properties of wasps have long been recognized in traditional medicine, “the scientist added.
Her research gathered evidence that wasps visit at least 960 plant species, 164 of which are completely dependent on them for pollination, including orchids.Overcoming prejudices against wasps will not be easy, scientists believe, because they have long been presented as dangerous, hairy, ugly insects …
However, scientists are looking forward to a future in which the key roles of wasps in many aspects of human health and well-being for humanity will be recognized and appreciated.