Removing blackheads from the face – how they occur and how to get rid of them
Before we go, let’s clarify what a blackhead is. Blackheads are open comedones or clogged pores. It looks like a flat dark spot or a grain of pepper pressed into the skin. Blackheads usually occur in the T-zone (forehead, nose and chin area) when the skin secretes a lot of sebum precisely because of the sebaceous glands, which are most densely located there. However, people with dry facial skin can also have blackheads.
How are blackheads made?
Under normal conditions, the skin secretes just enough sebum to be protected and maintain a sufficient level of moisture. The more sebum it produces, the greater the chance that excess sebum will remain stuck in the pore causing a blockage. In combination with dead cells, impurities and bacteria, sebum oxidizes in the pores and darkens, forming blackheads. Oxidized oil is what gives blackheads a black color, not dust or dirt, as most women believe. Therefore, the removal of blackheads is possible only with proper facial skin care.
In addition to excess sebum, blackheads can also be caused by:
– Excess androgens (hormones)
– Very warm and humid weather
– heavy make up that leaves a greasy film on the face
Remove blackheads with proper skin care
Experts say that permanent removal of blackheads is impossible, precisely because of the sebum that the skin constantly secretes, but by using professional facial care products, you can prevent the formation of new ones.
Facial cleansing is the first step in the fight against blackheads. Avoid hard soaps when cleansing the face, because it is the ingredients that keep the soap in a solid form – they clog pores and irritate the skin. Among the many products available on the market, people with oily skin should choose a face wash gel for oily skin, one that balances the secretion of sebum, while more hydrating gels should be used by people with dry skin.
It is necessary to regularly do peeling on the area of the face affected by blackheads. If you have dry skin, exfoliation should not be used more than once a week, while people with oily skin should do exfoliation two to three times a week. Facial peeling removes dead cells, stimulates cell renewal and cleanses the face.
Blackheads should never be squeezed out, as this can cause irritation and infection of the face and the formation of scars. Instead of squeezing, try nose, forehead and chin patches. The patches are applied to damp facial skin to make them easier to adhere to. Once the patches are dry, they need to be gently pulled. Patches certainly cannot help prevent blackheads but can serve as a temporary and successful means of removing blackheads.
If the above tips do not help in the fight against blackheads, the professional staff of the beauty salon can help you. Namely, today there are special facial treatments designed according to the needs of users. Treatments usually include deep cleansing of the face with steam, which accelerates the opening of the pores, massage and finally a face mask.